Climate Change Forum

Up coming forums:

  • March 4, “Energy Solutions”, presenter Terry Tremwell, held in Terry’s home on Mount Sequoyah
  • April 8, Climate refugees as topic, presenter Alberto Torres. Books to be considered for the presentation: Tropic of Chaos by Chritian Parenti, The Coming Population Crash and Our Planet’s Surprising Future by Fred Pearce,  Climate Change and the Health of Nations: Famines, Fevers and the Fate of Populations by Tony McMichel, and Climate Refugees by Collectif Argos,
  • May 6, “Nuclear War and Climate Catastrophe” by Chomsky and Polk, presenter Dick Bennett


March 4 2018, “Energy Solutions”, presenter Terry Tremwell, held in Terry’s home on Mount Sequoyah

Bio for Terry Tremwel, PhD, MBA

Terry Tremwel Chairs the Boards for Picasolar, Inc, and Trem|Wel Energy, LLC. In 2016, Picasolar earned a third SunShot Award, this time at the Tier 3 level, meaning that successful completion in 2018 will result in a commercial product that enhances solar cell performance. Trem|Wel Energy is an energy development and sustainability consulting firm located in Fayetteville, AR. Tremwel holds a PhD in agricultural engineering from the University of Florida, an M.S. in ag engineering from Iowa State University, a B.S. in ag engineering from UC Davis, and an MBA from the University of Arkansas.

Dr. Tremwel and his wife, Margaret, built a 2900 sq. foot home on Mount Sequoyah in Fayetteville, AR, that is energy Net-Zero Plus, as an all-electric home with no gas line. Using solar PV, it generates more electricity on site than it consumes for household functions and transportation for their two electric cars. They recognize that a better choice for resource preservation would be a smaller house, but they wanted a home that could be used for various community events and training sessions. The 3-story home has a relatively small area footprint at 900 sq. feet, plus decking, mud room, and garage on stilts.

Dr. Tremwel developed and teaches the Sustainability class in the Sam M Walton College of Business. The Sustainability class has grown from 31 students in its first year, 2007, to 63 students in spring 2011, based on word of mouth and the popularity of the topic. The class emphasizes the triple bottom line (People, Planet, Profits) and other ways to analyze and apply sustainability to business. As former Research Director of the Supply Chain Management Research Center at the University of Arkansas, Tremwel published three logistics case studies that were used in the International Graduate Logistics Case Competition, involving 12 of the best graduate logistics programs in the world by invitation. Each of the cases includes process efficiencies, material conservation, and energy savings. Tremwel published white papers on logistics in the wind industry, reverse logistics, and business scorecard development. Each of these papers has gotten international attention from companies that produce and distribute household name brands. The papers have been downloaded from universities on all continents.

Dr. Tremwel co-founded Trem|Wel Energy to serve businesses and individuals in reducing their consumption of energy, water, and materials, thereby reducing their cost structure and increasing profits. Tremwel analyzes energy consumption patterns and recommends methods to reduce peaks in facilities that are partially billed on their peak consumption. Lighting, efficient HVAC systems, climate control technology, and insulation are favorite tools for reducing facility energy consumption while maintaining comfort. After consumption is optimized, Trem|Wel Energy helps facilities owners weigh options in distributed generation using wind, solar, geothermal, and biomass. The firm uses the latest business approaches in helping owners finance and provide environmental comfort and lighting services rather than the mere sale of products.

Tremwel has a background in hydrologic contaminant and transportation network analysis and flow optimization. He has developed numerous physical systems to control and distribute flows. With skills relating to land, air, water, energy, chemistry, transportation, and finance, Tremwel has the ability to integrate solutions to meet a wide variety of needs.

Dr. Terry Tremwel is available at (479) 414-0956 and

April 8 2018, Climate refugees as topic, presenter Alberto Torres

Environmental Migrant

Environmental migrants are people who are forced to leave their home region due to sudden or long-term changes to their local environment. These are changes which compromise their well-being or secure livelihood. Such changes are held to include increased droughts, desertification, sea level rise, and disruption of seasonal weather patterns (i.e. monsoons[1]). Environmental migrants may choose flee to or migrate to another country, or they may migrate internally within their own country.[2]

The term “environmental migrant” is used somewhat interchangeably with a range of similar terms, such as ecological refugee, environmental refugee, climate refugee, forced environmental migrant, environmentally motivated migrant, climate change refugee, environmentally displaced person (EDP), disaster refugee, environmental displacee, eco-refugee, ecologically displaced person, or environmental-refugee-to-be (ERTB).[1] The term climate exiles has been used to refer to those climate migrants who may be in danger of becoming stateless.[2][3][4] The distinctions between these terms are contested.

Despite problems in formulating a uniform and clear-cut definition of ‘environmental migration’, such a concept has increased as an issue of concern in the 2000s as policy-makers, environmental and social scientists attempt to conceptualize the potential societal effects of climate change and general environmental degradation. “Unless it is assumed” in order to consider a person an environmental refugee, nature or the environment could be considered the persecutor.[5]

Definition and concept

Environmental refugees do not really fit into any of the legal definitions of a refugee. Not all environmental refugees migrate from their home country, on occasion they are just displaced within their country of origin. Moreover, the refugees aren’t leaving their homes because of fear they will be persecuted, or because of “generalized violence or events seriously disturbing public order.”[6] Even though the definition of who is a refugee was expanded since its first international and legally binding definition in 1951 people who are forced to flee due to environmental change are still not offered the same legal protection as refugees.[7]

The term “environmental refugee” was first proposed by Lester Brown in 1976.[8] The International Organization for Migration (IOM) proposes the following definition for environmental migrants:[9]

“Environmental migrants are persons or groups of persons who, for compelling reasons of sudden or progressive changes in the environment that adversely affect their lives or living conditions, are obliged to leave their habitual homes, or choose to do so, either temporarily or permanently, and who move either within their country or abroad.”

Climate refugees or climate migrants are a subset of environmental migrants who were forced to flee “due to sudden or gradual alterations in the natural environment related to at least one of three impacts of climate change: sea-level rise, extreme weather events, and drought and water scarcity.”[10]